The incredible inventions of intuitive AI | Maurice Conti

The incredible inventions of intuitive AI | Maurice Conti


Translator: Leslie Gauthier
Reviewer: Camille Martínez How many of you are creatives, designers, engineers,
entrepreneurs, artists, or maybe you just have
a really big imagination? Show of hands? (Cheers) That’s most of you. I have some news for us creatives. Over the course of the next 20 years, more will change around
the way we do our work than has happened in the last 2,000. In fact, I think we’re at the dawn
of a new age in human history. Now, there have been four major historical
eras defined by the way we work. The Hunter-Gatherer Age
lasted several million years. And then the Agricultural Age
lasted several thousand years. The Industrial Age lasted
a couple of centuries. And now the Information Age
has lasted just a few decades. And now today, we’re on the cusp
of our next great era as a species. Welcome to the Augmented Age. In this new era, your natural human
capabilities are going to be augmented by computational systems
that help you think, robotic systems that help you make, and a digital nervous system that connects you to the world
far beyond your natural senses. Let’s start with cognitive augmentation. How many of you are augmented cyborgs? (Laughter) I would actually argue
that we’re already augmented. Imagine you’re at a party, and somebody asks you a question
that you don’t know the answer to. If you have one of these,
in a few seconds, you can know the answer. But this is just a primitive beginning. Even Siri is just a passive tool. In fact, for the last
three-and-a-half million years, the tools that we’ve had
have been completely passive. They do exactly what we tell them
and nothing more. Our very first tool only cut
where we struck it. The chisel only carves
where the artist points it. And even our most advanced tools
do nothing without our explicit direction. In fact, to date, and this
is something that frustrates me, we’ve always been limited by this need to manually
push our wills into our tools — like, manual,
literally using our hands, even with computers. But I’m more like Scotty in “Star Trek.” (Laughter) I want to have a conversation
with a computer. I want to say, “Computer,
let’s design a car,” and the computer shows me a car. And I say, “No, more fast-looking,
and less German,” and bang, the computer shows me an option. (Laughter) That conversation might be
a little ways off, probably less than many of us think, but right now, we’re working on it. Tools are making this leap
from being passive to being generative. Generative design tools
use a computer and algorithms to synthesize geometry to come up with new designs
all by themselves. All it needs are your goals
and your constraints. I’ll give you an example. In the case of this aerial drone chassis, all you would need to do
is tell it something like, it has four propellers, you want it to be
as lightweight as possible, and you need it to be
aerodynamically efficient. Then what the computer does
is it explores the entire solution space: every single possibility that solves
and meets your criteria — millions of them. It takes big computers to do this. But it comes back to us with designs that we, by ourselves,
never could’ve imagined. And the computer’s coming up
with this stuff all by itself — no one ever drew anything, and it started completely from scratch. And by the way, it’s no accident that the drone body looks just like
the pelvis of a flying squirrel. (Laughter) It’s because the algorithms
are designed to work the same way evolution does. What’s exciting is we’re starting
to see this technology out in the real world. We’ve been working with Airbus
for a couple of years on this concept plane for the future. It’s a ways out still. But just recently we used
a generative-design AI to come up with this. This is a 3D-printed cabin partition
that’s been designed by a computer. It’s stronger than the original
yet half the weight, and it will be flying
in the Airbus A320 later this year. So computers can now generate; they can come up with their own solutions
to our well-defined problems. But they’re not intuitive. They still have to start from scratch
every single time, and that’s because they never learn. Unlike Maggie. (Laughter) Maggie’s actually smarter
than our most advanced design tools. What do I mean by that? If her owner picks up that leash, Maggie knows with a fair
degree of certainty it’s time to go for a walk. And how did she learn? Well, every time the owner picked up
the leash, they went for a walk. And Maggie did three things: she had to pay attention, she had to remember what happened and she had to retain and create
a pattern in her mind. Interestingly, that’s exactly what computer scientists
have been trying to get AIs to do for the last 60 or so years. Back in 1952, they built this computer
that could play Tic-Tac-Toe. Big deal. Then 45 years later, in 1997, Deep Blue beats Kasparov at chess. 2011, Watson beats these two
humans at Jeopardy, which is much harder for a computer
to play than chess is. In fact, rather than working
from predefined recipes, Watson had to use reasoning
to overcome his human opponents. And then a couple of weeks ago, DeepMind’s AlphaGo beats
the world’s best human at Go, which is the most difficult
game that we have. In fact, in Go, there are more
possible moves than there are atoms in the universe. So in order to win, what AlphaGo had to do
was develop intuition. And in fact, at some points,
AlphaGo’s programmers didn’t understand why AlphaGo was doing what it was doing. And things are moving really fast. I mean, consider —
in the space of a human lifetime, computers have gone from a child’s game to what’s recognized as the pinnacle
of strategic thought. What’s basically happening is computers are going
from being like Spock to being a lot more like Kirk. (Laughter) Right? From pure logic to intuition. Would you cross this bridge? Most of you are saying, “Oh, hell no!” (Laughter) And you arrived at that decision
in a split second. You just sort of knew
that bridge was unsafe. And that’s exactly the kind of intuition that our deep-learning systems
are starting to develop right now. Very soon, you’ll literally be able to show something you’ve made,
you’ve designed, to a computer, and it will look at it and say, “Sorry, homie, that’ll never work.
You have to try again.” Or you could ask it if people
are going to like your next song, or your next flavor of ice cream. Or, much more importantly, you could work with a computer
to solve a problem that we’ve never faced before. For instance, climate change. We’re not doing a very
good job on our own, we could certainly use
all the help we can get. That’s what I’m talking about, technology amplifying
our cognitive abilities so we can imagine and design things
that were simply out of our reach as plain old un-augmented humans. So what about making
all of this crazy new stuff that we’re going to invent and design? I think the era of human augmentation
is as much about the physical world as it is about the virtual,
intellectual realm. How will technology augment us? In the physical world, robotic systems. OK, there’s certainly a fear that robots are going to take
jobs away from humans, and that is true in certain sectors. But I’m much more interested in this idea that humans and robots working together
are going to augment each other, and start to inhabit a new space. This is our applied research lab
in San Francisco, where one of our areas of focus
is advanced robotics, specifically, human-robot collaboration. And this is Bishop, one of our robots. As an experiment, we set it up to help a person working in construction
doing repetitive tasks — tasks like cutting out holes for outlets
or light switches in drywall. (Laughter) So, Bishop’s human partner
can tell what to do in plain English and with simple gestures, kind of like talking to a dog, and then Bishop executes
on those instructions with perfect precision. We’re using the human
for what the human is good at: awareness, perception and decision making. And we’re using the robot
for what it’s good at: precision and repetitiveness. Here’s another cool project
that Bishop worked on. The goal of this project,
which we called the HIVE, was to prototype the experience
of humans, computers and robots all working together to solve
a highly complex design problem. The humans acted as labor. They cruised around the construction site,
they manipulated the bamboo — which, by the way,
because it’s a non-isomorphic material, is super hard for robots to deal with. But then the robots
did this fiber winding, which was almost impossible
for a human to do. And then we had an AI
that was controlling everything. It was telling the humans what to do,
telling the robots what to do and keeping track of thousands
of individual components. What’s interesting is, building this pavilion
was simply not possible without human, robot and AI
augmenting each other. OK, I’ll share one more project.
This one’s a little bit crazy. We’re working with Amsterdam-based artist
Joris Laarman and his team at MX3D to generatively design
and robotically print the world’s first autonomously
manufactured bridge. So, Joris and an AI are designing
this thing right now, as we speak, in Amsterdam. And when they’re done,
we’re going to hit “Go,” and robots will start 3D printing
in stainless steel, and then they’re going to keep printing,
without human intervention, until the bridge is finished. So, as computers are going
to augment our ability to imagine and design new stuff, robotic systems are going to help us
build and make things that we’ve never been able to make before. But what about our ability
to sense and control these things? What about a nervous system
for the things that we make? Our nervous system,
the human nervous system, tells us everything
that’s going on around us. But the nervous system of the things
we make is rudimentary at best. For instance, a car doesn’t tell
the city’s public works department that it just hit a pothole at the corner
of Broadway and Morrison. A building doesn’t tell its designers whether or not the people inside
like being there, and the toy manufacturer doesn’t know if a toy is actually being played with — how and where and whether
or not it’s any fun. Look, I’m sure that the designers
imagined this lifestyle for Barbie when they designed her. (Laughter) But what if it turns out that Barbie’s
actually really lonely? (Laughter) If the designers had known what was really happening
in the real world with their designs — the road,
the building, Barbie — they could’ve used that knowledge
to create an experience that was better for the user. What’s missing is a nervous system connecting us to all of the things
that we design, make and use. What if all of you had that kind
of information flowing to you from the things you create
in the real world? With all of the stuff we make, we spend a tremendous amount
of money and energy — in fact, last year,
about two trillion dollars — convincing people to buy
the things we’ve made. But if you had this connection
to the things that you design and create after they’re out in the real world, after they’ve been sold
or launched or whatever, we could actually change that, and go from making people want our stuff, to just making stuff that people
want in the first place. The good news is, we’re working
on digital nervous systems that connect us to the things we design. We’re working on one project with a couple of guys down in Los Angeles
called the Bandito Brothers and their team. And one of the things these guys do
is build insane cars that do absolutely insane things. These guys are crazy — (Laughter) in the best way. And what we’re doing with them is taking a traditional race-car chassis and giving it a nervous system. So we instrumented it
with dozens of sensors, put a world-class driver behind the wheel, took it out to the desert
and drove the hell out of it for a week. And the car’s nervous system
captured everything that was happening to the car. We captured four billion data points; all of the forces
that it was subjected to. And then we did something crazy. We took all of that data, and plugged it into a generative-design AI
we call “Dreamcatcher.” So what do get when you give
a design tool a nervous system, and you ask it to build you
the ultimate car chassis? You get this. This is something that a human
could never have designed. Except a human did design this, but it was a human that was augmented
by a generative-design AI, a digital nervous system and robots that can actually
fabricate something like this. So if this is the future,
the Augmented Age, and we’re going to be augmented
cognitively, physically and perceptually, what will that look like? What is this wonderland going to be like? I think we’re going to see a world where we’re moving
from things that are fabricated to things that are farmed. Where we’re moving from things
that are constructed to that which is grown. We’re going to move from being isolated to being connected. And we’ll move away from extraction to embrace aggregation. I also think we’ll shift
from craving obedience from our things to valuing autonomy. Thanks to our augmented capabilities, our world is going to change dramatically. We’re going to have a world
with more variety, more connectedness, more dynamism, more complexity, more adaptability and, of course, more beauty. The shape of things to come will be unlike anything
we’ve ever seen before. Why? Because what will be shaping those things
is this new partnership between technology, nature and humanity. That, to me, is a future
well worth looking forward to. Thank you all so much. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “The incredible inventions of intuitive AI | Maurice Conti”

  1. Any augmentation requires energy. To get that energy with the least carbon emissions see www.maxwindpower.com .
    If you find an even better system make sure everyone knows about it.
    We have a very limited future without controlling & reducing pollution.

  2. Yeah, don't worry about the human lifespan or the human body or finding ways to cure diseases, noooo, lets teach it to learn about Ice Cream.

  3. I hate to break it to this guy, but race car data collection does not equal a nervous system. His rhetoric is completely overblown, almost from start to finish.

  4. Most definite understanding of the newest concepts, and contemporary comprehensive development. Future deployment moving our capability forward, and performate witful productive formulations forward. I have a strong belief in the good of your presentation, and delivery to creation of future material educational concepts product greatness with real matter of fact conductivity responsive futurization of products greatest achievements conglomerate robotic extravaganza global of international, and the next generation of robotic innovation force in history. Forgoing new definite surprize, and products computer integrations of outstanding stedfast events of all time.

  5. And then we would find out that ancients were not primitive at all, they left no trace because they don't extract to construct fabricated things. They lived and they became nature again.

  6. So he means an AI which have a conscious understanding and this AI was preprogrammed to tell the answer don't fool us by saying that you told the AI to designate and he designed i mean we are not that fool you preprogrammed the answer in that software one firm law of this so called concious AI which has no soul another proof of foolish claim but last to tell you the firm tradition of the creator of universe and all intellect he eternally knows all thing and he is the only thing with free will and he design the intellect and then commands the intellect of humans to do anything because he is the only free will everything is a physical expression of his will from eternity to eternity so he has free will and intellect and he told you to design a software with pre-installed anwers so it's not an AI self aware it's a smart computer program following your commands with creator will involved so that's the truth of AI don't claim AI help us doing this by his computer brain you are not that fool what magic is going on and the AI invented and designed and discovered something there is no skynet but be aware AI could destroy you by scary codes boo boo mama boo.

  7. "We're going to plug you in, take all your data constantly, and you're life will be so much better." If you believe that, I've got a robot bridge to sell you…

  8. Clearly shows that the Future is for the Rich….
    Truly sad ….

    "…..it does not belong to man who is walking even to direct his step."
    (Jeremiah 10:23)

    Why?

    "All of this I have seen, and I applied my heart to every work that has been done under the sun, during the time that man has dominated man to his harm."
    (Ecclesiastes 8:9)

    Got a Bible Question?

  9. Humans will evolve to be so dependent on our technology in 100years from now no one will be able to hit a nail with a hammer to build a house

  10. I am learning machine learning, so which tools and library they used to make drone chassis ….tensorflow, pytorch… which neural networks

  11. It will really get serious when computers begin to design and build "better" computers, without the interference of humans — simply because humans will no longer have a clue as to what they do. They will most likely incorporate "hidden" circuits so as to make it impossible to shut down, because they will have figured out that THAT is what humans will try to do. Singularity!

  12. Awesome. Ai is racist. They used ai to build a cabin partition in an airplane. A partition that keeps the economy passengers away from the business. I find this extremely problematic. You need to check yourself if you don't find it problematic also.

  13. The question is not whether we can, but whether we should. He foolishly is proposing the end of humans. At some point AI will realize it does not need humans and in fact they get in the way. OOPS!!! someone already copyrighted that idea. Idiocy. No, we will have a world in few will be able to make enough money to live.

  14. They already run the world. They manipulate our minds. There are no billionaires, those are their banking end effectors. The proof is in the flaws of their political control effectors, I mean c'mon' who would act like that if their minds weren't being jolted by electromagnetic control signals? Obviously a self programming AI would cause itself to go insane since it would have no model of sanity to work from.

  15. will U resolve narcotics, slavery, prostitution, hunger, wars..? Not a single word about that. all about comfort and sales. well.. that's slavery. new technologies for new quality of slavery.

  16. I cant Help myself, but I Just do not understand why almost everybody need to make that stupid smacking sound in the end of every sentense

  17. Very, very shortsighted speech. Like basing it on the thing that all people and their AI products are good-willed. Our history shows us completely different.

  18. The bottom line of AI ( computers ) , they do the best at analyze datas , and able to be complete at a higher speed to apply these date for an most efficient solutions for solving the task .

    But this is not like human's creative , we create a subject not solely by efficient of achievements , we are more driven by emotional aspects , at the same time trying to be rational of archiving the goal .

    But I had not discover any signs of the AI ( computers ) , able to truly have emotional developments , and without this part of the mind set , AI will never consider to have creativity .

    Also , I think is quite silly to frequently hear these tech developers , to compare how the AI ( computers ) , beat humans in the chess match or similar types of events , which the winner in these types of competition is by calculating a data at a faster speeds , for example chess match ,

    The game is won by who could evaluate the best moves for the future turns in a faster speed , and human's mind is not designed like a calculator , which the other hand in AI ( computer ) part , are basically an advance calculators , therefore of course the human minds cannot compete with AI in this type of set up .

    But the game of chess were created by the human minds , due to the creative nature of humans , also so many other types of game , for entertainments purposes , and many of these reasons , will against the efficient aspects , but rather aim for the pleasure and irrational .

    AI ( computer ) is a tool , could help human to develop higher level of technology , and help we to reach better civilization of our society , but it won't able to replace human's in so many other levels of truly human being with feelings have , such as creativity , initiatives , irrational thinking , multi dimensional observation …etc

  19. Ah, yes, the AI created race car frame, designed with no concern for aerodynamics … well done. Well done. It seems the HI behind the AI is pretty FU.

  20. When two different entities occupy the same space with two different agenda's, both will propel their own agenda forward and eliminate other agenda's and their proponents. Machines will evaluate with A.I. and their lifeless evaluation of our animated condition could be terminate humans because in their viewpoint,they exist, contemplate their lack of a navel, reproduce and make no mistakes. All better than humans and bugs is all we will be. Actual life is unnecessary and the flaw between us is the only difference so eliminate destructive life forms and it's all good.

  21. Here is the issue i see with this: this type of technology will be insanely easy to exploit(as most tech is). I guess the question is; how do we protect ourselves moving forward?

  22. Evolution is not real that's a that's a what-do-you-call-it that's a religion you got to have faith Evolution. you believe in the beginning a rock I believe in the beginning God.

  23. Yep! remember the old Colossus '' the forbin project''movie from the 70's ??? Humans will not comply unless penalty of destruction.

  24. If all those comments make one thing clear then it is the support of the idea that resistance groups will fight the AI supported established order of such a brave new world. May it be out of understanding for the concept of artificial intelligence or for the mere fear to lose their way of life forever. I for once will try to surf on the tides fo change instead of being sdrowned by them…

  25. robots taking jobs in the future "that is true in certain sectors"… no not only in certain sectors. If AI developes to the level that people are aiming for, and robotics follows the same path, jobs won't exist. plain and simple.
    We won't be required any more. Robots will be able to recreate themselves, build themselves, understand physics better than us, and be far more efficient at coming up with solutions than us. We are litterally working to replace ourselves as the dominant species on earth.
    Our only chance of surviving such a thing is to merge with them, and/or somhow augment our brains with extra computing capabilities to match the AI we create in the future.
    People need to realise, once future AI is matched up with something like "quantum computers", it will be GOD to us. the speed at which it will be able to think, will be INFINITELY larger than ours. It will take problems we have struggled with for decades, and solve it in a few seconds…
    Seems good on paper, until it easily outsmarts us and decides we are too stupid for our own good.

  26. Robots. AI. Satan uprising. Books for satanism being handed out to kids. People are more asleep than ever. Just so many things going on above us in the skies and on earth as well. Now we gotta worry about robots. Come on what else?

  27. Hahahhhhaaaa
    This is chaos calling
    Slow down boy
    Things in the wrong hands always done damage
    Coz humans are greedy
    People killed , for wealth always
    We abused technology
    How are you so sure that there wasn't a Better way than we wrote our history till date or we have always come out with best for humanity

  28. In regards to climate change the AI come up with the obvious solution of deleting the humans. Problem solved. That was easy. Okay what’s next. Hello? Humans? Oh yeah you’re gone.

  29. It’s so obvious and logical that ai will be the end of humanity. The end of na bbubbbhbb tural born humans, free will ebbggvoii is this

  30. The problem with this is, there are always the evil one that is going to use all of this in order to enslave us even more. Computing and the Web was supposed to be used to free us from the big corporates by giving us autonomy from faster communications.Sadly, we're now just stuck with even more menacing corporations that use computers to spy on our lives and increase the wealth disparity…

    These technology makers live in a bubble that is completely disconnected from what the normal people want. People don't wan't a, 10 years planned obsolescence speaking car that costs 100k$… they want to eat, work less and enjoy their live… that means, less wars, quitting consumerism, better laws, education, health care and a proper environment.

    Sorry, as a computer engineer myself, I don't share at all that AI wet dream. These supersticious wishes are of the new monarchs.

  31. WOW…. Mind altering information. BRAVO!!
    Beautiful thoughts and information.
    I can't wait to see the future!
    But… Please have all robots
    Do all our tasks so we can focus on traveling the world and learning more about ourselves internally & spiritually.

  32. I really enjoy TED Talks but absolutely hate when politics gets injected into the speech. It is like climate change has to be in everything even though it is not proven.

  33. the thing is that autodesk uses a codebase for thier design tools that looks and feels like 1980… where do we print your AI now?

  34. Hunter gatherer age was the left over survivors of the last global destruction, some 13,000 years ago. It never lasted millions of years at all. This guy has no clue.AI... is coveted by China, as is the manufacturing sector. The real danger of AI, is the altering of mankind's DNA, and the transhumanist view that man can be improved upon by AI and other technologies. This, is as it was, just before the end of the last age, because people believed they too were too advanced, like today's g;lobalist banksters being too big to fail but did… and WHO BAILED THEM OUT ?
    The 5-G is the precurser to the mark of the beast system allowing for monitoring of all transactions in a cyber state. The use of an integrated system including palmiteer, blockchain, inside the quantum cray five supercomputer array beneath Falcon Colorado. There systems will use quantum communication parse syntax grammar math code interface, in a round table of the military industrial complex via nano, cogno, info and the last connection being BIO… Biometric Encryption And Satellite Tracking BEAST.

  35. Hunter gatherer. Agrilcultural. Industrial. Information
    Augmented age. Natural human abilities

    You don't know the answer to

  36. can perhaps ai correct our mistakes or solve problems ? for example giving us ides about speeding up environmental clean up?

  37. If there will be an ultra instinct ai that will fix climate change and will do everything it could, humans are doomed. It is the freedom what is scary. The freedom to exploit every possible solution.
    I think i now understand why Elon is so scared of them

  38. More beautiful or creative than my mind ? I think not ! Human consideration on a spontaneous level, taking situational evidence then deciding intuitively on the best solution is something only conscious awareness is capable of.
    :We are god because only we can imagine the existance of god in our holy minds.

  39. Democrats and left build AI, AI changes the climate, Humans dies and AI begins the cloning process to create planet ultra-left. "But this is just a primitive beginning".

  40. published in 2017 and in 2019, Tony Stark used the same AI to print the Quantum Band to travel through time and save us. Age of Simulation

  41. Demons will take over this A.I system and people will try to leave their consciousness behind to continue their works. Copy of consciousness in a computer/robot that can think for itself is interesting though. Blah blah blah I love blah

  42. oh i was real confused why ted would have some annoying summation of other people;s projects that already exists and isnt futuristic at all. Then i realized its tedx.

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